Download A Concise History of Greece (Cambridge Concise Histories) by Richard Clogg PDF

By Richard Clogg

This e-book offers a concise, illustrated creation to the historical past of recent Greece, from the 1st stirrings of the nationwide circulation within the overdue eighteenth century to the current day. it truly is designed to supply a uncomplicated creation for basic and educational readers with very little earlier wisdom of the topic, and supersedes Professor Clogg's brief background of contemporary Greece which has turn into a vintage considering its preliminary ebook in 1979. This most up-to-date account is a unconditionally new e-book, conceived afresh for a wide readership, during which the numerous illustrations with their large captions shape a big a part of the textual content.

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However, such was the fiscal and demographic weakness of Portugal that Sebastian was not, by 1576, even able to raise 10,000 men for his expedition. More encouraging news came that year in the form of a call for help from Mulay Mohammed, the titular ruler of Morocco, who was then engaged in a civil war against his Turkish-backed uncle, Abd-el-Malek, the sharif of Fez. Sensing that time was of the essence, Sebastian turned to his powerful uncle, Philip II of Spain, for help. In a meeting held at Guadalupe in Spain, Sebastian laid out his plans for a crusade against the Moors in Morocco, which he cast as a necessary move to block Turkish expansion in North Africa.

Duarte Galvão’s Crónica de D. 12 Along with the preaching of Joachimism by the Franciscans, which took place at the same time the story of Ourique was coming into its final form, the legend helped create a climate of eschatological expectation in Portugal, in which God would intervene in human history on behalf of the Portuguese. It also provided a discourse, so to speak, of national destiny: no matter how grim the situation seemed for Portugal, the promises made by Christ to Dom Afonso Henriques at Ourique provided an essential touchstone of hope to the Portuguese psyche.

After trying to discourage a war against the Moroccans (who were not doing him any harm), Philip reluctantly agreed to give his nephew 5,000 veteran infantrymen and 50 ships for an expedition to take place the next year, 1577. By all accounts, Sebastian left the meeting pleased, but Portugal’s crushing debt burden and its perennially overstretched finances caused a delay in his plans. The money for the German and Italian mercenaries necessary to strengthen his native levies could not be arranged until 1578.

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