Download A History of Nerve Functions: From Animal Spirits to by Sidney Ochs PDF

By Sidney Ochs

Sidney Ochs starts off his survey with a chronological examine the background of nerves from the 5th century B.C. to the early eighteenth century to illustrate the improvement of our wisdom of the molecular mechanisms of neuronal functionality. Ochs then adopts a thematic procedure, contemplating key themes from the eighteenth century to the current. the quantity will function a useful source for historians of neuroscience and drugs, philosophers of technology and medication, and neuroscientists.

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Extra resources for A History of Nerve Functions: From Animal Spirits to Molecular Mechanisms

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See also (Luscombe, 1997). (Rothschuh, 1978). Rothschuh uses the term iatrotheology for the medicine carried out by the church, its most important duty being the care taken for the relation of man to God. Disease was conceived of as punishment for those who break God’s commandments, the entry of an unclean spirit, or some unfathomable purpose of God. 8:4 P1: GGE 052124742Xc03 38 CB616-Ochs-v2 December 26, 2003 A HISTORY OF NERVE FUNCTIONS Middle Ages was aimed mostly to further the Church’s religious teachings by catering to the mundane needs of its flocks.

444–445. 20 Animal spirits then move down into the spinal cord, which was considered to be an extension of the brain, and from it out into the hollow nerve channels where it subserves sensation and control of the musculature. DIFFERENCES IN THE VENTRICLES IN RELATION TO FUNCTION Galen championed the brain as the seat of sensation, motion, and mentation rather than the heart, as Aristotle did. In discussing the ventricles of the brain, Galen showed his detailed knowledge of their anatomy and function: Now first we shall consider the ventricles of the brain, the size and position of each of them, their shape, their communications with one another, their number, and then the parts that are superimposed upon or adjacent to them.

Knowledge of the temporal ordering of his writings would also, if known, give an indication of changes in his views over the course of his long career that could account for some of the contradictions that have been noted. 24 13:43 P1: FCH/FFX P2: FCH/FFX 052124742Xc02 QC: FCH/FFX T1: FCH CB616-Ochs-v2 GALEN’S PHYSIOLOGY OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM December 29, 2003 25 characterized as blood, yellow bile, black bile and phlegm. 5 The relative amount of the four humors determines the state of health: In the healthy state, they are in balance.

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