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By National Academy of Engineering, National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Medicine, Government-University-Industry Research Roundtable
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Additional info for Academic Research Enterprise Within the Industrialized Nations: Comparative Perspectives
The positive side of this situation is that the system has been growing less dependent upon federal funds. Decentralization has tended to increase the pluralism of funding sources. Most likely, advancing research universities have been able to tap local sources of support for their research. By and large, however, this has meant a greater proportion of programmatic funding. There can be little doubt that the 1980s has witnessed a disproportionate growth in programmatic support for academic research.
The year 1968 represents a kind of apogee for the university research system in terms of real expenditures and federal support for research. This was not solely a university phenomenon; research expenditures for the country as a whole peaked in 1968 as well. The university research economy remained roughly stable in real terms for the next seven years, through 1975, while the national research economy actually declined by nearly 10 per cent. Significant growth in university research did not occur again until 1978.
L. Geiger, Research and Relevant Knowledge: American Research Universities Since World War II, New York: Oxford University Press, (in progress). About this PDF file: This new digital representation of the original work has been recomposed from XML files created from the original paper book, not from the original typesetting files. Page breaks are true to the original; line lengths, word breaks, heading styles, and other typesetting-specific formatting, however, cannot be retained, and some typographic errors may have been accidentally inserted.