Download Against the Odds?: Social Class and Social Justice in by Gordon Marshall PDF
By Gordon Marshall
What's the relation among social classification and social justice? this is often at present an issue of public in addition to educational curiosity. during this compelling new examine the authors collect fresh advancements in normative puzzling over social justice with new empirical findings approximately academic attainment and social mobility. the result's a path-breaking contribution to the examine of sophistication and justice, one who might be of curiosity to sociologists and political theorists for years yet to come.
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Extra info for Against the Odds?: Social Class and Social Justice in Industrial Societies
The status attainment programme sees the principal 37 interest of mobility studies as lying in the attempt to specify those attributes which are characteristic of individuals who end up in the more desirable rather than the less desirable jobs. Typically, these studies investigate the extent to which the present occupational status of individuals is associated with the status of their family of origin, rather than individual achievements such as educational attainment or other indicators of skill and ability.
The CASMIN Project researchers themselves, despite their concern for matters of detailed occupational coding and their access to relatively large data-sets, were forced in the main to work with a version of the Goldthorpe scheme which combined classes I and II, IVa and IVb, and V and VI, into a unified service class, petite bourgeoisie , and skilled working class respectively. Only in this way could comparative mobility analysis (p. 1). Our own study, which draws in large part on much smaller data-sets has encountered similar problems.
This is evident, for example, in the ratio of total upward to total downward mobility rates—which in all countries is (for men at least) greater than 1 (and now hereless than 1 for women). However, the issue at the heart of liberal theory is one of relative access to the different positions within the class structure, since industrialism is supposed to generate an increase, not only in total mobility rates, but also in equality of access to positions of advantage and disadvantage. The theory states unambiguously that, as nations progress along the route to industrial maturity, ascribed status (as determined by such criteria as social origins or sex) must give way to achieved status (determined by what Talcott Parsons refers to as ‘the valued results of the actions of individuals’).