Download Analyzing Animal Societies: Quantitative Methods for by Hal Whitehead PDF

By Hal Whitehead

While you are within the box of ethology or behavioral ecology, or anything learning animal habit, this booklet offers every little thing you must find out about social analyses. Hal Whitehead lays out special yet comprehensible guideline on every thing from facts assortment to software program courses. i like it.

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16–18) 10 “qualities of sociality,” with some comments and cross-references to later sections of the book where they are considered: r r r r Group size. Group size is often the most obvious feature of an animal society. Surely, social life is different for an animal who can usually only sense one conspecific compared to an animal immersed in a group of hundreds. Defining and distinguishing animal groups is not straightforward, however, and groups may mean different things to different observers and to the animals themselves.

A similarity matrix need not be symmetric, for instance, if association is defined in terms of nearest neighbor distances, so that A may be B’s nearest neighbor but B is not A’s. , 0, 1, 2, . . ) counts of dyadic interaction events. These are sometimes called sociometric matrices (Lehner 1998, p. 201). 09 1 Data from Gero (2005). A, adult female; C, male calf; J, juvenile male. The numbers indicate the proportion of time that each pair of individuals was clustered together when at the surface.

As the results appear, we still need to question. Does the output make sense when compared with what we know of the animals and the data set? How can we distinguish real features of animal social structures from methodological artifacts of the data? And then there are more general issues. How can rare but vital events such as weaning and mating be incorporated into social analysis? How may social structures of different populations or species be compared? In this book I try to provide guidance on these issues.

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