Download Applied Ethnobotany: People, Wild Plant Use and Conservation by Anthony B. Cunningham PDF

By Anthony B. Cunningham

Its clever and delicate method of operating with local community could be appropriate in events during the world.' ECOS 'The quite a few diagrams, tables of information, details move charts, fieldwork sketches and so forth. provide an exceptional vibrancy to the work... It merits a large readership.' TEG information Wild or non-cultivated crops are an important to the lives of a big element of the world's inhabitants, supplying inexpensive construction fabrics, gas, foodstuff supplementations, medications, instruments and assets of source of revenue. regardless of their significance, their vulnerability to harvesting and different social affects isn't good understood. utilized Ethnobotany is the 1st sensible consultant to be released on tips on how to deal with wild plant species sustainably. This designated handbook on wild plant assets units out the methods and box equipment occupied with participatory paintings among conservationists, researchers and the first source clients. Supported through vast illustrations, it explains how local community can learn how to determine the pressures on plant assets and what steps to take to make sure their persevered availability. For all these inquisitive about source administration judgements relating to plant species and variety, and particularly these learning or operating in conservation, rural improvement and park administration, this advisor is valuable. released with WWF, UNESCO and Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

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Interview surveys use a carefully 27 Applied Ethnobotany 20/11 04/12/2000 05:28 pm Page 28 Applied Ethnobotany designed questionnaire and aim methodically to get typical and reliable information from a selected sample of people. Interview surveys may not yield reliable results when covering highly sensitive and very personal issues such as sexual, specialist medicinal or illegal harvesting activities, unless the interviewer is highly skilled and has a great degree of local credibility and trust.

Short-term ‘snapshots’ or ‘long-term surveys’ Do the aims of the research match up with the time and funding available? How accurate do you want to be? Fluctuations in volume of wild plant resources used, 16 with season, site differences of vegetation or markets as well as cultural factors, make estimates from short-term ‘snapshots’ difficult, and the results will be doubtful, whatever the short-term technique used. In the early 1980s, for example, I started a study of the palm-wine trade, developing appropriate forms and training local enumerators at four palm-wine sale points.

Although certain assumptions can be made from trade statistics on the basis of what part of the plant is harvested, and from the population biology, abundance and distribution of the species, trade data have limited value unless they are combined with field studies providing a link between volumes traded and what is happening to these species in the wild. In many cases, however, plant species are traded by the informal sector and no trade records exist: so if you need to document the quantities involved, you need to collect the data yourself (see Chapter 3).

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